Paraproctitis is a purulent inflammation of the cellular tissues surrounding the rectum. The symptoms are acute pain in the rectal region, tenderness during defecation, elevated body
temperature, and the appearance of an infiltrate in the anal region or on the buttocks. An unlanced abscess may burst and a fistula form. The disease becomes chronic after recurrences. Treatment includes administration of antibiotics and anti-inflammatory agents and, in the suppurative stage, surgical lancing of the abscess.