Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is a common breathing disorder that affects newborns. Surfactant is a foamy substance that keeps the lungs fully expanded so that newborns can breathe in air once they are born. Without enough surfactant, the lungs collapse and the newborn has to work hard to breathe.
Complications can include:
Air build up in the sac around the heart, or around the lungs.
Bleeding into the brain or lungs.
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (a breathing disorder).
Collapsed lung (pneumothorax)blood infection.